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Diabetes in Pregnancy Raises Risk of Heart Disease

Photo Women who have had gestational diabetes have an increased risk not only for Type 2 diabetes later in life, but for heart disease and hypertension as well. Gestational diabetes is diagnosed if there is any glucose intolerance with its onset during pregnancy, and about 6 to 8 percent of pregnant women develop the condition. British researchers studied 9,118 women with gestational diabetes, comparing them with 37,281 healthy controls. The study, published in PLOS Medicine, had an average three years of follow-up. The women who had gestational diabetes were 20…

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Sanofi, Facing Threat from Generics, Moves to Buy Hemophilia Drug Maker

Photo Sanofi’s offer would involve paying $105 in cash for each share of Bioverativ, a 64 percent premium on the target company’s closing price on Friday. Credit Eric Piermont/Agence France-Presse — Getty Images LONDON — The French drug maker Sanofi said on Monday that it had agreed to acquire Bioverativ, a biopharmaceutical company focused on treatments for hemophilia and other rare blood disorders, for $11.6 billion in cash. Sanofi has sought use acquisitions to bolster its portfolio of drugs, particularly because it faces declining sales for its diabetes drug, Lantus,…

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Oral Contraceptives Reduce Risk for Ovarian and Endometrial Cancers

Photo The long-term use of oral contraceptives reduces the risk for ovarian and endometrial cancers, and the effect is especially evident in smokers, the obese and those who exercise infrequently, a new study found. Earlier studies have demonstrated an association of previous oral contraceptive use with reduced risk for these cancers in postmenopausal women. This study considered the impact of various health and lifestyle factors, including smoking, obesity and physical activity. The study, in JAMA Oncology, included 196,536 women ages 50 to 71, more than half of whom had used…

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Ask Well: What Is the Health and Nutritional Value of Mushrooms?

Photo Credit Evan Sung for The New York Times Q. What is the health and nutritional value of mushrooms? A. Mushrooms may lack the deep green or brilliant red hues consumers have come to associate with nutrient-rich fruits and vegetables, but they are a “powerhouse of nutrition” and not a white food to be avoided, said Angela Lemond, a registered dietitian nutritionist and spokeswoman for the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics. Low in calories and fat and cholesterol-free, mushrooms contain a modest amount of fiber and over a dozen minerals…

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Reproductive Factors in Women Tied to Heart Disease and Stroke Risk

Photo Several female reproductive factors, including early menarche, early menopause and miscarriage, are associated with an increased risk for heart disease and stroke, British researchers report. Between 2006 and 2010, scientists collected data on 267,440 women 40 to 69 years old and followed them for an average of seven years. They found 3,075 cases of cardiovascular disease, 1,635 cases of coronary heart disease and 1,504 strokes. Reaching menarche before age 12 was associated with a 5 percent increased risk for coronary heart disease and a 7 percent increased risk for…

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Questions and Answers About This Year’s Flu Season

Photo Workers with the St. Louis Red Cross prepare for influenza patients in 1918. This winter’s flu season is considered “moderately severe.” Credit via Library of Congress, via Associated Press How bad is this flu season? At the moment, the 2017-2018 flu season is considered “moderately severe.” Large numbers of Americans have fallen ill, and every state except Hawaii has reported widespread flu activity. But some regions have been hit harder than others. More important, the number of people hospitalized or dying from flu nationwide is not unusually high. This…

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Treatment Offers Hope for Imprisoned California Siblings

“In doing the healing work, you look at what the patient’s support systems are, “ said Priscilla Dass-Brailsford, a trauma psychologist and an adjunct professor in the department of psychiatry at Georgetown University. “The biggest supports are parents and family. These kids don’t have that. The parents were the aggressors.” Experts interviewed for this article, who underscored that they had no direct knowledge of the California case, said that because the siblings’ primal assurance of unconditional love and safety had been ripped away, they would almost certainly struggle to trust…

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U.K. Appoints a Minister for Loneliness

“It’s proven to be worse for health than smoking 15 cigarettes a day, but it can be overcome and needn’t be a factor in older people’s lives,” he said. A former United States surgeon general, Dr. Vivek Murthy, wrote an article for the Harvard Business Review last year arguing that loneliness needed addressing in the workplace. It could be associated, he wrote, “with a greater risk of cardiovascular disease, dementia, depression and anxiety.” The British report was commissioned by the Red Cross in partnership with the Co-op, a cooperative supermarket…

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